As Per Psychologists, There Are 7 Types Of Love and The Last One Is Rarely Found

In 1988, Robert Sternberg, an American psychologist, gave a theory of love according to which there are three chief components of love – commitment, passion and intimacy. The strong physical attraction couples feel for each other comes under passion while sharing psychological closeness and personal notions is defined by intimacy and determination of living together is commitment. It is easy to find passion in a relation’s initial stage; however, developing intimacy takes a longer duration in view of the fact that it depends on how much you know your partner and when it is established, the concerned couple can make up mind of being in a relationship

7 Types of love


Undoubtedly, the presence of each of the components – passion, intimacy and commitment, is necessary for a healthy relationship but not every relation has all of them. Robert Sternberg has categorized 7 types of love and the last one is not generally experienced by most of the couples. These categories are:
  1. Infatuation
  2. Liking
  3. Empty Love
  4. Fatuous love
  5. Romantic love
  6. Companionate love
  7. Consummate love
Infatuation


This is probably the psychologist’s way of defining the love at first sight and in this type, a person feels intense and instant physical attraction towards somebody. The individual who falls in this kind of love can’t think of anything or anyone else except that person as his/her mind is filled with the thoughts of their meeting. General lifestyle including having meals may be affected and the concerned person might experience arousal constantly. Usually, based on chemical attraction, it’s short-lived and may last for about a few months or a year too. It may change into a more complete version with time; however, there’s no certainty of it.

Fatuous love


A number of couples experience fatuous love that consists of passion and commitment; however, it lacks intimacy in the actual sense. In this type of love, two persons feel attraction towards one another and to stay together, they don’t hesitate in sharing household chores, exchanging vows and getting married. According to psychologists, these types of couples have the ability of staying together for long; nevertheless, the sense of friendship is absent from their relationship

Liking


An individual may know the other person and feel closeness or intimacy; nevertheless, they lack commitment and passion. The couple shares personal details but likes to feel free without any promise. They know each other well, are generally honest in the relationship and don’t hesitate in frankly telling if any of them is wrong. This type of relation is more like friendship instead of complete love and individuals are generally connected on the basis of common interests and understanding

Empty Love


This is called empty love because couples form a relationship just for meeting the needs and only commitment is present in such relationships. There is no passion or intimacy and the partners stay with each other for money, kids, status, etc; nevertheless, they neither have any physical attraction nor do they share personal thoughts. A strong but deteriorated relationship can turn into empty love later in life

Storge


This type of love grows over time and terming it as “friendship love” is the best way of explaining it. In Storge, intimacy and friendship retain more significance than physical love and passion. It usually starts as friendship and later involves romance and make out. Even after breaking up with each other, such couples may have a relation of friendship

Romantic love


Couples in romantic love experience passion and intimacy but not commitment. Such partners feel attraction for each other and love to spend time together. However, despite enjoying each other’s company, they are not prepared for serious commitment. In this kind of love, couples barely tie the knot or live together

Ludus


Such lovers don’t share intimacy and give priority to seduction and fun. A Ludus lover may have more than one love interest at a time as these people consider variety as the spice of life. They don’t like to make commitments and it is not much difficult for them to end a relationship

Pragma


In this, physical aspects of love are given more importance and such a lover evaluates selection ability and compatibility prior to making any commitment. Moreover, it involves a careful analysis of advantages and costs and is formed on the basis of few criteria including family reputation, goals, social status, education, career, religious beliefs, etc

Sensual love


It’s a kind of sensual love in which physical chemistry is necessary. Such lovers look for passionate partners as they themselves are romantic and passionate. There is an image of a perfect mate in their minds and once they make out effectively with excitement and satisfaction, they are generally monogamous

Companionate love


 This type of relationship is formed by intimacy and commitment and couples experience the true attachment. They respect and love each other but passion is absent in companionate. It is pretty stronger than friendship; nevertheless, physical attraction between the partners is considerably weaker. Psychologists are of the opinion that this kind of love may arise after many years of wedding or acquaintance

6 kinds of lovers


In 1973, a Canadian psychologist John Alan Lee proposed the theory of six love styles or kinds of lovers in his book “The Colors of Love”. These types are Eros, Ludus, Storge, Pragma, Mania and Agape and Lee has also assigned a color to each love style. Eros is represented by red while blue is the color for Ludus, yellow indicates Storge, green is the color for Pragma, orange represents Agape whereas the color of Mania is violet

Mania


Its main elements are jealousy, possessiveness and control and it can be described as a chaotic, agitated, frantic and hectic love. Such lovers experience emotions intensely as highs and lows are extreme and when their relationship ends, it becomes almost impossible to think about anything except the lost partner

Consummate love


It is considered to be an ideal love in view of the fact that it has all the elements, i.e., passion, commitment and intimacy. Undoubtedly, they all are not on the equal levels yet the presence of every element is a noteworthy point. Couples having consummate love are rare to be found; however, if partners manage to make such kind of relationship, their love is true and there’s a probability that they will live together for long

Agape


It is best defined as enduring, unconditional, selfless and altruistic. It’s the truest and purest form of love with essential qualities like compassion, permanence and patience. For Agape lovers, the happiness and contentment of their partner are above their own and they have the virtue of self-sacrificing for keeping the partner pleased
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